Most Common Suffixes

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suffix is an affix which is placed after the stem of a word. Suffixes can carry grammatical information (inflectional suffixes) or lexical information (derivational suffixes).

Hậu tố là một phần từ ngắn được thêm vào sau gốc từ để thay đổi nghĩa của từ.

Suffix              Meaning            Key Word

-able, -ible can be done comfortable
-al, -ial having characteristics of personal
-ed* past-tense verbs hopped
-en made of wooden
-er comparative higher
-er, one who worker, actor
-est comparative biggest
-ful full of careful
-ic having characteristics of linguistic
-ing* verb form/ present participle running
-ion, -tion,

-ation, ition

act, process occasion, attraction
-ity, -ty state of infinity
-ive, -ative, -itive adjective form of a noun plaintive
-less without fearless
-ly* characteristic of quickly
-ment action or process enjoyment
-ness state of, condition of kindness
-ous, -eous, -ious possessing the qualities of joyous
-s, -es* more than one books, boxes
-y characterized by happy

*Most frequent. The four most frequent suffixes account for 97 percent of suffixed words in printed school English.