Most Common Suffixes

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suffix is an affix which is placed after the stem of a word. Suffixes can carry grammatical information (inflectional suffixes) or lexical information (derivational suffixes).

Hậu tố là một phần từ ngắn được thêm vào sau gốc từ để thay đổi nghĩa của từ.

Suffix              Meaning            Key Word

-able, -iblecan be donecomfortable
-al, -ialhaving characteristics ofpersonal
-ed*past-tense verbshopped
-enmade ofwooden
-ercomparativehigher
-er,one whoworker, actor
-estcomparativebiggest
-fulfull ofcareful
-ichaving characteristics oflinguistic
-ing*verb form/ present participlerunning
-ion, -tion,

-ation, ition

act, processoccasion, attraction
-ity, -tystate ofinfinity
-ive, -ative, -itiveadjective form of a nounplaintive
-lesswithoutfearless
-ly*characteristic ofquickly
-mentaction or processenjoyment
-nessstate of, condition ofkindness
-ous, -eous, -iouspossessing the qualities ofjoyous
-s, -es*more than onebooks, boxes
-ycharacterized byhappy

*Most frequent. The four most frequent suffixes account for 97 percent of suffixed words in printed school English.